PAINTING, in itself not a defined style, but rather a category
of several different styles embodying a similar ideal. Classicism
places emphasis on older examples such as Greek and Roman antiquities
which strive to accentuate ideas of perfection.
Italian High Renaissance style of the 16th century sought
to express a revival and rebuilding of classical principles based
on logical and deliberate composition. The idealization of form
itself became a spiritualized exercise aimed at uplifting the
viewer towards a state of perfection and divinity.
Renaissance painters included Raphael (1483-1520), Leonardo Da
Vinci (1452-1519), Giovanni Bellini (1429-1507), Giorgione (1477-
1510) and Titian (1488-1576.)
Mannerist style, which came into prominence after the death of
Raphael in 1520, rejected the purely classical ideals of the early
Renaissance traditions and created its own maniera,
or style. Mannerism would then be more a style that is postclassical
with purposeful and stylistic distortions of the classical ideal.
Mannerist painters of importance were Pontormo
(1494-1556), Bronzino (1503-1572), Rosso Fiorentino (1494-1540)
and Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571.)